Hillsboro is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States. Hillsboro was named after John Gillespie Hill, who homesteaded in the area in 1871. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,993. Hillsboro is home of Tabor College, which had 766 students enrolled in Fall 2014.
Hillsboro is located at 38°21′5″N 97°12′9″W / 38.35139°N 97.20250°W / 38.35139; -97.20250 (38.351306, -97.202456). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.57 square miles (6.66 km), of which, 2.56 square miles (6.63 km) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,993 people, 1,071 households, and 684 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,169.1 inhabitants per square mile (451.4/km). There were 1,193 housing units at an average density of 466.0 per square mile (179.9/km). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 1.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.
There were 1,071 households of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.1% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.86.
The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 19.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 20.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.7% were from 25 to 44; 21.5% were from 45 to 64; and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,854 people, 1,086 households, and 710 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,435.8 people per square mile (553.7/km²). There were 1,209 housing units at an average density of 608.2 per square mile (234.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.48% White, 0.35% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.
There were 1,086 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the city, the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $32,736, and the median income for a family was $42,465. Males had a median income of $31,188 versus $20,134 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,544. About 5.5% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.